One of the available options for clearing acne scars is undergoing a chemical peel for acne scars. Get all the relevant information concerning chemical peels for acne scars including the types and at home chemical peels as well as a review on the best chemical peel for acne scars.
Chemical Peel for Acne Scars – Chemical Peels for Acne Scars
It is approximated that in about a month’s time, our bodies shed their skins. This process though does not occur in layers or sheets and is barely visible. It is a regenerative process in which skin cells are lost and replaced in an instance and the process can be hastened through the use of chemical peels. This is done with the help of chemicals which peel the skin off and thus get rid of its imperfections among them acne scars. Chemical peels for acne scars make use of different skin removal techniques.
A chemical solution is normally applied on the acne scars and given time to soak in. The kind of peel applied will depend on the severity of the scarring. For the next fourteen or so days, the skin will undergo peeling. This is caused by the controlled destruction of the skin which gives way for the growth of new skin. The chemicals that facilitate this are known as wounding or exfoliating agents. They differ depending on how deep they penetrate.
Among the factors that affect how deep the chemical peel for acne scars goes include the acidic concentration of the peeling agent, the coats of the peel that are applied and how long the peel stays on the skin before the acid is neutralized. The deeper the peel is the higher the risks and the more dramatic are the results. Deeper peels also require a longer healing time.
The three main types of peels on the basis of extent of peeling are:
- Superficial peels: These are the mildest type of peels. They are suitable for all skin types. They make use of a dilute acid which makes the peeling mild. The most common ingredients are solid carbon dioxide and glycolic acids.
- Medium peels: These penetrate the skin a little bit more than the superficial type. They cause what may be equated to second degree burns. The main peeling agent used in them is Trichloroacetic Acid (TCA). It may consist of several steps being conducted before this acid is applied as the last step or it could be contained in a peeling chemical.
- Deep peels: When this type of peels is used, the peeling penetrates a number of skin layers. They contain phenol as the main peeling agent. Since they tend to bleach the skin and cause hypopigmentation, they are not appropriate for dark skinned people. Even when used on people who are light skinned, there is a risk of skin bleaching. In most cases, it can only be done once.
Types of Chemical Peels for Acne Scars
There are five main types of chemical peels that can be used on acne scars. The classification is dependent on main peeling ingredient contained. These include:
- Over the counter chemical peels.
- Glycolic acid peels.
- Alpha hydroxy acid
- Trichloracetic peels
- Phenol peels
Best Chemical Peel for Acne Scars – Reviews
Given the different types of chemical peels there are, one may wonder which the best chemical peel for acne scars is. There are a number of things that one should consider before settling on any chemical peel.
Where one is concerned about the high cost of undergoing the peels, an over-the-counter chemical peel may be the best option. These tend to have smaller concentrations of acidic content which slowly removes damaged skin cells. This yields a skin that is fresh and better in texture and tone. With these types of non-prescription formula, the restorative process takes longer. These may be all that one needs to get rid of mild acne scarring. Of importance is to follow manufacturer instructions and take the precautions and warnings seriously.
Glycolic acid Peels: These are the least threatening of all the chemical peel for acne scars. Their main peeling acid, glycolic acid, is derived from acidic fruits. It is all natural and its concentration in amounts of up to 10 percent is considered safe. Normally, a sponge is used to apply the acid to the skin. Depending on the layers targeted, the acid is neutralized when the desired layers are removed. The skin then peels in the subsequent days and takes about a week for the process to be complete.
Alpha Hydroxy Acid (AHA) peels: This is also a fruit acid based peel although they also make use of lactic, salicylic and citric acid. AHAs separate the dead skin making up the acne scars from the healthy skin and only require the application of water on the peel to neutralize. AHA peels require approximately ten days for a person to recover. In low concentrations, they are available over the counter.
Phenol Peels: Peels in this category are extremely strong. They give dramatic results and their recovery time is extensive. The skin tends to get extremely flaked and red. Completion of the regenerative process may take up to three months. While they leave the skin smoother and free of acne scars, there is the risk of permanently bleached skin. People with dark complexions should stay away from them.
Trichloracetic Acid Peels: This peel is neither too strong nor too mild. It is the best chemical peel for acne scars that a person who doesn’t want to be extreme can use. The procedure of using it could take less than half an hour and the recovery time is not too long. It is appropriate for acne scars that have hyperpigmentation. The dermatologist can adjust its concentration to avoid a bleached look.
At Home Chemical Peel for Acne Scars – Best Chemical Peel for Acne Scars At Home
One can purchase an at home chemical peel for acne scars in drugstores or online. While using it, the most important thing is to adhere to the manufacturer instructions. This will ensure that one gets the desired results while at the same time not risking their skin.
TCA Chemical Peel for Acne Scars
TCA peels contain Trichloracetic acid. These are appropriate for scarring that is neither severe nor too mild. While using them to get rid of acne scars, more than one session may be necessary for desired results to be achieved.
Cost of Chemical Peels for Acne Scars
Generally, chemical peels while used as a method of clearing acne scars is expensive. The cost for each individual will vary depending on what type of peel is used. The cheapest ones are over the counter products. According to statistics from the American Society of Plastic surgeons, a chemical peel will on average cost $720. The costs could however be as low as $100 and as high as $6000.